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The subjunctive mood
Verboides  ( read about this topic in previous pages)
Indicativo  ( read about this topic in previous pages)
Subjuntivo                
a) simple o imperfecto          
         
1) presente pres. I   speak hable hables hable hablemos habléis hablen
    I am speaking            
         
2) pretérito imperfecto past I  spoke hablara/se hablaras/ses hablara habláramos hablarais hablaran
    I was speaking            
         
3) futuro  fut. I will  speak hablare hablares hablare habláremos hablareis hablaren
         
b) compuestas o perfectos          
         
1) pretérito perfecto   I have   haya hayas haya hayamos hayais hayamos
     present perfect   spoken hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado
    I spoke            
         
2) pretérito pluscuamperfecto   I had   hubiera/se hubieras/ses hubiera/se hubiéramos/semos hubieras/seis hubieran/sen
    spoken hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado
         
4) futuro perfecto   I will have   hubiere hubieres hubiere hubiéremos hubiereis hubieren
  spoken hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado hablado
               

The subjunctive mood does not exist in the English language. The translation of its meaning is not completely accurate.
The use of the subjunctive mood can be easily applied if the concept is first learned.
We must compare and contrast the indicative and the subjunctive mood.
The indicative mood expresses facts, and states objectivity. 
The actions or events described by the indicative mood can be objectively proven. 
The subjunctive is used when the speaker feels any uncertainty about the action of the sentence, 
or when the speaker is expressing a subjective opinion.
The indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity.
1) Mi hermana trabaja mucho     My sister works a lot
2) Juan va a una fiesta    Juan goes to a party
3) Nosotros no fuimos a la escuela    We didn´t go to school
In sentence one it is stated that my sister studies.
In the second sentence Juan went to a party. 
In the third sentence we didn´t attend school.
The subjunctive mood does not exist in the English language. The translation of its meaning is not completely accurate.
The use of the subjunctive mood can be easily applied if the concept is first learned.
We must compare and contrast the indicative and the subjunctive mood.
The indicative mood expresses facts, and states objectivity. 
The actions or events described by the indicative mood can be objectively proven. 
The subjunctive is used when the speaker feels any uncertainty about the action of the sentence, 
or when the speaker is expressing a subjective opinion.
The indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity.
1) Mi hermana trabaja mucho     My sister works a lot
2) Juan va a una fiesta    Juan goes to a party
3) Nosotros no fuimos a la escuela    We didn´t go to school
In sentence one it is stated that my sister studies.
In the second sentence Juan went to a party. 
In the third sentence we didn´t attend school.
Usted va a Brasil en sus vacaciones. You are going to Brasil  in your holidays.
The above sentence merely reports the fact that you are going to Brasil in your holidays, so the indicative mood is used.
Let's change the above example slightly:
No dudo que usted va a Brasil en sus vacaciones. I don't doubt that you are going to Brasil in your holidays.
In the above sentence, the clause "no dudo" introduces a quality of certainty, -- the speaker has no doubt, 
so the indicative mood is used in the second clause (va) as well as the first (no dudo).
Let's make another slight change to our example:
Dudo que usted vaya a Brasil en sus vacaciones. I doubt that you are going to Brasil in your holidays.
In the above sentence, the clause "dudo" introduces a quality of uncertainty, -- the speaker does have doubt, 
so here the subjunctive mood is used in the second clause (vaya).

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