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Direct Object Pronouns:
The direct object  in a sentense can be a thing, event or a person affected by the verb, they can be replace with a pronoun.
Direct object pronouns  refer to people, things or event  and indicate the gender and number of the object they replace
The object ( noun ) that directly receives the action of the verb, (the verb acts directly on) is called "the direct object"
The object ( pronoun wich replace the noun) wich  directly receives the action of the verb is called "the direct object pronoun"
Carlos pinta la pared Carlos paint the wall direct object expressed
"pared" receive the action of the verb "pinta" direct object is a thing
Carlos la pinta direct object is a pronoun
Gladys mira TV Gladys watchs TV direct object expressed
"TV" receive the action of the verb "mira" direct object is a thing
Gladys la mira direct object is a pronoun
Carlos llama a Miguel Carlos call Miguel direct object expressed
"Miguel" receive the action of the verb "llama" direct object is a person
Carlos lo llama Carlos calls him direct object is a pronoun
Andrea interrumpe el casamiento Andrea interrups the wedding direct object expressed
"casamiento" receive the action of the verb "interrumpe" direct object is an event
Andrea lo interrumpe Andrea interrups it direct object is a pronoun
Yo amo a Perlina I love Perlina direct object expressed
"Perlina" receive the action of the verb "amo" direct object is a person
Yo la amo I love her direct object is a pronoun
"Perlina" is the "direct object" of "amo" because "Perlina" is the object loved
But if I say:
Yo estoy comprando una flor para María I am buying María a flower
"María" is the indirect object, because the verb "buying" refers to the "flower", so 
"flower " is the direct object
Changing the direct object  and using a  direct object pronoun
Yo la estoy comprando para María
"la"  replace the noun "flower"
The direct object of the sentence receives the action of the verb, and is found by asking the question "what?" or "whom?" 
to the verb in the main clause, regarding what the subject of the sentence is doing.
Ayer vi a Miguel en la heladería. Whom did I see in the ice cream store? Miguel.
Ella compró un auto nuevo. What did she buy? A new car.
The name of the direct object is replaced with a pronoun
The direct object pronouns ( wich replace the noun) normally precede the conjugated form of the verb, 
and are placed after the negative.
Ayer lo ví "lo" replace the noun an direct object " Miguel"
Ayer no lo ví "lo" replace the noun an direct object " Miguel" and are placed after the negative.
Ella lo compró
Ella  no lo compró
Direct Object pronouns
me me    
you ( singular)(familiar) te    
her la, le This pronouns    
him lo, le replace the names    
it lo, la of the direct object    
us nos
you (plural) os    
them las, los    

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