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 El alfabeto español - The  Spanish Alphabet

      Spanish alphabet is very similar to the alphabets of most other western European languages, including English.

Every language has ways to communicate : talk, write

En todo idioma existen medios para comunicarnos,  el oral y el escrito .
In every language there are ways to communicate, the oral and the written.

Talking, we need sounds

Writing, we need letters.

En el lenguaje oral, el elemento escencial es el sonido en el lenguaje escrito, el elemento escencial es la letra.
In spoken language, the essential element is the sound in written language, the essential element is the letter.

Las letras son mas numerosas que los sonidos.
Letters are more than sounds, because:

Tienen a veces el mismo sonido: Sometimes they have the same sound

j y g (jarabe, gira);

c, k, q ( copa, kermese, queso);

r, rr ( rosa, barril) .

Tienen a veces mas de un sonido : Sometimes they have more than one sound

g (goma, gesto);

r ( rosa, aroma) .

Hay letras que no tienen sonido: Some letters has no sound

h (siempre muda, no se pronuncia);

u seguida de e o i después de g ( guerra, guitarra) o de q ( queso, esquina),

In the combination gue and gui , and after q , the u is silent .

Hay letras de sonido idéntico: Different letters with the same sound.

b y v ( vaca , burro);

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