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Adjectives  
   
Demostrative adjectives more about Demostratives
These adjectives denote location in relation to the person who is speaking
These adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun
Close to the speaker
Masculine Feminine
singular plural singular plural
este estos esta estas (aquí) this, these (here)
ese esos esa esas (allí,ahí) that, those (there)
Futher to the speaker
aquel aquellos aquella aquellas (allá) that, those (over there)
The demostrative adjective ;  ¨este¨     refers to that is in the possession of near to the speaker
The demostrative adjective ;  " ese¨     refers to that witch is not the possesion of and is not near the speaker
The demostrative adjective :  ¨aquel¨    refers to witch is remote from the speaker and the person addressed.


Adjectives of Nationality 
In Spanish we call them "adjetivos gentilicios " they designate place of origen.
As the name suggests, adjectives of nationality tell what country a person, food, product, etc. comes from.  
Like almost all Spanish adjectives, adjectives of nationality follow and complement the noun they modify.  Observe:
las comidas italianas the Italian food
It would not make sense in English to say “The girls Americans,” because English is a different system--
our adjectives come before our nouns, and the adjectives have only one form regardless of gender or
whether the noun is masculine or feminine.  In the same way, 
it would not make sense in Spanish to say “Las americano muchachas.”
Here is a quick list to get you started on adjectives of nationality, followed by rules:
alemán German inglés English
argentino Argentinian irlandés Irish
americano American italiano Italian
brasilero Brasilian japonés Japanese
cubano Cuban panameño Panamanian (from Panama)
español Spanish (from Spain), Spaniard portugués Portuguese
francés French puertorriqueño Puerto Rican 
Notice that adjectives of nationality may also be used as nouns:
la cubana the Cuban girl/woman
el italiano the Italian boy/man
los argentinos the Argentinian people 
Notice, too, that Spanish adjectives of nationality are NOT capitalized.  Capitalization rules vary from language to language 
(in German, for example, all nouns are capitalized!)--
and so students must be aware of their own “mother tongue interference,”
 the tendency to expect their second language to use all the same rules as their native language!  
Adjectives of Nationality ending in -o
Many adjectives of nationality end in -o and have the same four forms as other adjectives ending in -o: 
masculine and feminine forms in the singular and plural.  Observe:
el autor argentino los caballos argentinos
la cultura argentina las familias argentinas
Adjectives of Nationality ending in consonants 
Other adjectives of nationality end in consonants.  Unlike other adjectives that end in consonants,
adjectives of nationality have four forms, not two:
el autor español los autores españoles
la cultura española las familias españolas
Adjectives of nationality that end in -s or -n are spelled with a written accent mark in the masculine singular:
el autor alemán los autores alemanes
la cultura alemana las familias alemanas

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